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(TRAIN, George Francis) NEWLANDS, James

Report on horse railways
Liverpool, 19th April, 1860

James Newlands was the first Borough, or Municipal, engineer in Britain, appointed to run the engineering interests of Liverpool in 1847. As such, he wielded enormous influence and was consulted by the committee set up to consider the introduction of Train’s horse-drawn trams.

This is his report, written following considerable research he carried out into the tramways already running in America, analysing in particular the trial reports of "The Old Colony and Fall River Company, versus [ITALICS] The Broadway (Horse) Railway Company", both of Boston, Mass., extrapolating information on carriages, horses, crossings, accidents and so on and including accounts from two American engineers, William Whiting and James Hayward.

Newlands concludes that there should be "no difficulty in the way of introducing Horse Railroads. Their advantages are proved to have been great, and the evils attending them few". The first horse-drawn tram line in Europe opened in Birkenhead in August 1860.


8vo. 18pp, 1 folding litho plan. Modern cloth. Some later pencilled comments and markings within.



Catalogue No: 6369